无人机运送移植器官

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Life-saving kidney delivered by drone

将一个器官从捐献者手术台上送到所需患者那里,是一项非常神圣的职责,其中掺杂了很多变数。如果我们能够找到更好的替代运输方式,那将意义重大。

无人机运送移植器官

Many see huge potential for unmanned aircraft
systems (UAS) delivering medical products, with some drones already
doing so in Africa.

很多人都发现了无人机在药品运输方面的巨大潜力,在非洲,这已成为现实。

The US flight required a specially-designed drone which was able to maintain and monitor the organ.

为了维持和监测移植器官的功能状态,美国研发了一种特别设计的无人机。

It is hoped that it can pave the way for longer flights and address safety issue with current transport methods.

这种无人机有望飞行时间更长,并且能够解决现在交通方式所存在的安全问题。

The recipient, a 44-year-old from Baltimore, had waited eight years for the transplant.

移植对象是一个来自巴尔的摩的44岁患者,为这次的移植手术,她已经等了8年。

She
said of the unusual delivery method: "This whole thing is amazing.
Years ago, this was not something that you would think about."

对于这种不同寻常的运输方式,她说道:“这整个事都让人觉得不可思议。几年前这种事情想都不敢想。”

According
to the United Network for Organ Sharing, which manages organ
transplants in the US, in 2018 there were nearly 114,000 people on
waiting lists, with 1.5% of organs not making it to the destination and
nearly 4% being delayed by two hours or more.

根据美国负责器官移植的一组织——器官共享联合网的数据表示,2018年需要进行器官移植手术的人近114,000,其中1.5%的器官无法送达目的地,还有约4%因晚到2个小时或以上而没能成功。

"Delivering
an organ from a donor to a patient is a sacred duty with many moving
parts. It is critical that we find ways of doing this better," said
Joseph Scalea, assistant professor of surgery at University of Maryland
School of Medicine (UMSOM), and one of the surgeons who performed the
transplant.

马里兰大学医学院的外科副教授,同时也是此次移植手术执刀医生之一的约瑟夫·斯卡利亚说道:“将一个器官从捐献者手术台上送到所需患者那里,是一项非常神圣的职责,其中掺杂了很多变数。如果我们能够找到更好的替代运输方式,那将意义重大。”

"As
a result of the outstanding collaboration among surgeons, engineers,
the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), organ procurement
specialists, pilots, nurses, and, ultimately, the patient, we were able
to make a pioneering breakthrough in transplantation."

“在医护人员、工程师、美国联邦航空管理局和器官采购专家,当然还有患者的积极合作下,器官移植领域才会有这样突破性的进展。”

The
three-mile journey required a lot of new technology, including a
custom-made drone capable of carrying the additional weight of an organ,
which also needed on-board cameras and organ tracking, and
communications and safety systems for a flight over an urban,
densely-populated area.

即使是一段三英里(一英里=1609米)的飞行距离,也要求很多新科技的成分。比如为使其能够承担多出来的器官重量,该无人机需要特别定制,同时还需要安装机载摄像头和器官追踪器。考虑到飞行过程中有可能经过人口密集的都市区域,该无人机还得配备通讯和安全设备。

It also had a parachute recovery system in case the aircraft failed.

为了防止无人机在运输途中出现飞行故障,所以还安装了降落伞回收系统。

"There’s
a tremendous amount of pressure knowing there’s a person waiting for
that organ, but it’s also a special privilege to be a part of this
critical mission," said Matthew Scassero, part of the engineering team
based at the University of Maryland.

马修斯·卡塞罗是马里兰大学程序研究小组的成员之一,他表示“知道在运输目的地那头有人在盼着移植器官,这让我们感到很大压力,但是能够为这么神圣紧急的使命贡献一份力量也是一种荣幸。”

Charlie
Alexander, chief executive of The Living Legacy Foundation of Maryland,
a charity working to increase organ donation, said: "If we can prove
that this works, then we can look at much greater distances of unmanned
organ transport. This would minimise the need for multiple pilots and
flight time and address safety issues we have in our field."

马里兰活遗产基金会是致力于鼓励器官捐献的公益组织,该组织的首席执行官查理·亚历山大说道:“如果无人机运输移植器官证明完全可行的话,那么飞行距离更远的无人机器官运输就指日可待。这样一来,我们这个领域就可以将对飞行员和飞行时间的需求降到最低,同时相关的安全问题也得到了解决。”

英文来源:BBC

无人机运送移植器官
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